Who are they - What do they do
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Nottinghamshire Youth Crime Strategy for 2010-13
The Youth Justice and Targeted Support Service is made up of seconded staff from the Police, Social Services, Probation, Education & Health, working together towards the prevention of offending and re-offending by children and young people. The Nottinghamshire Youth Offending Service covers the whole of the County.
The service has three main purposes:
- To Protect the Public From Harm
- To Safeguard children and young people who are victims of crime or who are in the youth justice system
- To prevent offending by young people
There are three local teams supported by specialist Targeted Support, Intensive Interventions and Quality Assurance units based centrally.
Sherwood Energy Village, New Ollerton
Tel: 01623 520108
Newark and Bassetlaw Locality Team
Sherwood Energy Village, New Ollerton
Tel: 01623 520101
Mansfield and Ashfield Locality Team
100 Chesterfield Road South
Tel: 01623 452231
South Nottinghamshire Locality Team (Broxtowe, Rushcliffe and Gedling)
1-3 Heathcoat Street
Tel: 01158 599010
Intervention for Young Offenders
Police Warnings and Court Orders
A Reprimand is a formal verbal warning given by a police officer to a young person who admits they are guilty of a minor first offence. Sometimes the young person can be referred to the service to take part in a voluntary programme to help them address their offending behaviour.
A Final Warning is a formal verbal warning given by a police officer to a young person who admits their guilt for a first or second offence. Unlike a Reprimand, however,the young person is also assessed to determine the causes of their offending behaviour and a programme of activities is identified to address them.
A Referral Order is usually given to a young person who pleads guilty to an offence when it is his/her first time in court. When a young person is given a Referral Order, he/she is required to attend a youth offender panel, which is made up of two volunteers from the local community and panel adviser from the YOS. The panel, with the young person, their parents/carers and the victim (where appropriate), agree a contract lasting between three and twelve months. The aim of the contract is to repair the harm caused by the offence and address the causes of the offending behaviour.
The Youth Rehabilitation Order (YRO) is the single community sentence for children and young people who offend. In 2009 it replaced nine existing sentences to simplify sentencing. A YRO can last up to 3 years and include a number of requirements including supervision by a Youth Offending service, Unpaid Work, treatment for drug, alcohol or mental health problems, a Curfew and Intensive Supervision and Surveillance.
It can also include a requirement to go to an Attendance Centre. The main purpose of attendance centres is to put a restriction on young offenders’ leisure time – they are open on Saturdays for two or three hours. Their programmes concentrate on group work to give attendees basic skills – literacy and numeracy, life skills, cookery, first aid and money management, for example - as well as encouraging attendees to make better use of leisure time. The programme also includes victim awareness sessions, which consider the impact of offending on individuals and the community and how the young person might make amends.
A Detention and Training Order (DTO) sentences a young person to custody. It can be given to 12- to 17-year-olds. The length of the sentence can be between four months and two years. The first half of the sentence is spent in custody while the second half is spent in the community under the supervision of the YOS.
A DTO is only given by the courts to young people who represent a high level of risk, have a significant offending history or are persistent offenders and where no other sentence will manage their risks effectively. The seriousness of the offence is always taken into account when a young person is sentenced to a DTO.
Preventative Work - Targeted Support
Nottinghamshire uses Youth Inclusion and Support Panels (YISPs) to identify and intervene with 8 to 15-year-olds at high risk of offending or anti-social behaviour. They are multi-agency planning groups that offer early intervention based on assessed risk and needs. Parenting support in the form of guidance and group sessions, are offered as part of a range of tailored interventions.
The Youth Offending Service also has a Youth Work Team who works with young people on the streets during evenings and weekends in high crime areas. They also help mediate when there are issues between groups of youths and local residents.
Victims and Restorative Justice (RJ)
Victims of Youth Crime
If you are a victim of a youth crime in Nottinghamshire, you will usually be offered the chance to take part in a restorative justice (RJ) process. This provides the opportunity for those directly affected by an offence – victim, offender and members of the community – to communicate and agree how to deal with the offence and its consequences.
Restorative processes typically result in the offender making practical amends (reparation) to repair the harm – this may include an apology. Communication between victim and offender can help victims put the offence behind them and be more satisfied with the outcome.
If you have a local project that you think would be something that young people could undertake to make amends for crime they have committed you can contact the Reparation Coordinator on 01623 520097.
Volunteers and Mentors
Volunteering provides you with the opportunity to do something useful for your local community. You won’t get paid (apart from expenses) but you will feel the satisfaction of time and effort well spent. You will also meet new people, learn new skills and gain useful experience.
If you are interested in volunteering to work with young offenders, either as a mentor or as part of a Referral Order Panel you can contact the Volunteer Coordinator on 01623 520083.
For further details on YOT strategy, targets and activity visit the following websites:
Youth Justice Board: www.yjb.gov.uk
Home Office: www.homeoffice.gov.uk